The Afghan Atomic Energy High Commission has been established for peaceful uses in the government’s framework. Since Afghanistan is a poor and developing county, therefore, the national movements should be arranged according to the Afghan National Development Strategy (ANDS). The Afghan Atomic Energy High Commission in light of the Afghan National Development Strategy (ANDS) implements its nuclear technology application programs in the following sectors:
- Security: To prevent the nuclear terrorism and circulation of the explosive devices. The commission tries to install ionization and radiation machineries in the borders to prevent the smuggling and terrorism of explosive devices.
- Economical Growth: Agricultural section, seed correction with nuclear technology, improvement of corps and its protection after production without use of the freezers, are the basic objectives of the Afghan Atomic Energy High Commission. In this section, the Afghan Atomic Energy High Commission along with the Ministry of Agriculture has some programs in hand to enhance productivity of the corps and control the agricultural diseases. Since, in the mentioned section, there are no enough experts, therefore, the Afghan Atomic Energy High Commission has provided scholarships to foreign countries for some of the MAIL employees.
- Nutrition: Afghanistan is one of the world poorest countries, and the people, especially the children are facing nutritional problems in the country. The commission along with the ministry of Public Health has just started a nutrition program and wants to improve the quality of mother’s milk using the nuclear technology.
- Medical Sector: Cancer is known as dangerous disease and each year, huge number of people loses their lives all over the world, especially in the third world (POOR) countries. Afghanistan is also one of those countries, from where people travel to other countries in the region and spend millions of Afghanis for treatment of this dangerous disease. Keeping this issue in mind, the Afghan Atomic Energy High Commission is struggling to find out ways to diagnose and treat the mentioned disease using the nuclear technology. The commission along with the cooperation from medical university and ministry of Public Health intends to build up a cancer treatment center in Ali-Abad hospital. The center will be equipped with advanced medical technology. All the expenses will be covered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). To create such a center, first, there is need for experts. To fill this gap, 15 Afghan experts have gone to foreign counties to further improve their expertise in the mentioned field. The practical work for establishment of the center will be started upon successful return of the 15 Afghan experts. Thus, 7 medical doctors of ministry of Public Health have gone to pursue nuclear medical knowledge in foreign countries.
- Management of on-ground and underground water: The Afghan Atomic Energy High Commission developed a project in order to manage the on-ground and under-ground water, and the commission has shared the drafted documents of the project with the ministry of Water and Energy – but no feedback has been received from the ministry side.
- Regulatory Authority: The commission struggles to create an office to protect all sources of ionization in the country, to approve licenses for those who are involved in nuclear activities, and to develop framework for its transportation and protection. This office will work to standardize the nuclear activities in the country. In this section, some people have been educated; some are already in the process and for the rest commission plans to provide trainings in different phases.
- Work facilities in mines: Mines are the actual wealth of the country, but working in mines is not protected and is not equipped with international standards. The commission works to, at least, provide protected work environment for those who works in mine.
- Nuclear Electricity: The nuclear electricity is inexpensive, last longer and keeps the environment safe. The commission, in order to produce nuclear electricity, struggles to create nuclear reactors, but no practical steps are taken so far.